Types of Silk Fabric: A Guide to Luxurious Textiles

India and silk have a everlasting bond in history. It is the queen of all fabrics, standing out as the strongest natural fiber. Since ancient times, silk has been praised for its unbeaten beauty and softness. It is a natural protein fiber which is made by silkworms. The fabrics are known for their luxurious feel and soft drape.

We will explore the different types of silk fabrics and its uses in this guide, revealing their mysteries and helping you in selecting the ideal silk for your upcoming opulent project.

1. Mulberry Silk:

Mulberry silk is renowned for its high quality and  more expensive than the other types of
silk due to its production process. The fabric is well known for its health and cosmetic
benefitsr. This fabric is strong and durable which is made from domesticated silkworms, a
type of moth called Bombyx mori, which only eats mulberry leaves. These moths produce a
strong, pure white fibre for their cocoons, which eventually turn into a smooth textured


2. Banarasi Silk

Banarasi silk is regarded as one of the finest varieties of silk produced in the country. It is
primarily woven in Varanasi, also known as Banaras, Uttar Pradesh, India. In the past, It was
created by intertwining the finest silk with zari threads made from silver and gold alloys. To
reduce costs and make the fabric more affordable, genuine gold and silver threads have been
replaced with threads dyed in gold and silver.


3. Eri silk

Eri silk is produced without hurting the silkworm, consequently it is also referred to as
“Ahimsa silk” which is non-violent silk. It is known for its durability. The silk's matte texture
makes it feel cozy and comfortable. It has special thermal characteristics that make it warm in
the winter and cool in the summer. Eri silk is sometimes referred to as "poor man's silk"; since
it is less expensive than other types of silk.


4. Tussar Silk

Tussar silk or Kosa silk, is a type of wild silk made from the cocoons of moths in the
Antheraea genus. These moths, found in South Asian forests, especially India, feed on trees
like Terminalia and Shorea robusta. It is known for its natural gold sheen and coarse texture.
It is a beautiful and luxurious fabric which is used to make sarees, shirts, and other garments.


5. Muga silk

Muga silk was originated from Assam, India which gives Natural yellowish-golden tint. It
involves rearing silkworms on som leaves.The cocoons are boiled to soften the sericin after
the silkworms spin them and change into moths. The exquisite, golden-hued Muga silk is
then produced by unwounding the silk threads, spinning them into yarn, and weaving them
into fabric on conventional handlooms. It is known for its durability and glossy texture.


6. Kanjeevaram Silk

Kanjeevaram silk is also known as Kanchipuram silk named after Kanchipuram, region of
Tamil Nadu, India. It is a luxurious fabric that are woven from pure mulberry silk. It can be
transformed into gorgeous sarees, which make Tamizh women swoon. Renowned for its
craftsmanship and cultural significance. It prodces vibrant colors with captivating designs.
Kanjeevaram sarees are the height of elegance and sophistication, and they are frequently
worn to weddings, festivals, and other speacial occasions.


7. Chiffon Silk

Chiffon silk is a transparent and very light fabric which gives airy look and its well known
for its sheer nature and beautiful drape. A vast variety of fibers or combinations of them can
be used to create chiffon fabric: Natural fibers like silk and cotton and semi-synthetic fibers
like rayon. This fabric produces Luxurious Feel which comes in a wide variety of colors and


8. Crepe Silk

Crepe Silk is the most soft material, originally derived from silk It is light weight with
crinkled surface are widely woven throughout the southern Indian region, particularly in the
state of Karnataka. It is more flexible in draping and is used for dresses, blouses and suits.

Salwar suits, tunics, and crepe sarees will be your go-to summer staples because they do not
need to be ironed and have a breezy surface which keeps you comfortable.


9. Organza Silk

Organza silk is a luxurious silk which is woven from tightly twisted silk threads into a plain
weave. It is a lightweight fabric and should be handled with care. Organza is stiff and fluffy
that’s not easily drapable like other silk fabrics, but it can be folded and fixed in place.
Organza is a common fabric used for and embroidery. It is frequently used as an overlay in a
variety of clothes as well as bridal wear and evening gowns.


10. Georgette Silk

 Georgette Silk is a lightweight fabric but a strong fabric than the other types of fabrics. The
fabric can be beautifully pleated and drapes very fluidly. Georgette sarees are appropriate for
informal get-togethers as well as traditional events.Fabrics made of silk or polyester fibers are
known as georgette silk. It has a slightly matte finish and a lightweight, crinkled texture. It is
renowned for being breathable and semi-sheer.


11. Satin Silk

Satin silk is a smooth fabric with a glistening surface and drapes exquisitely to produce
clothing that is flowing and refined. On one side, it is glossy and smooth, and on the other, it
is matte and dull. Satin silk is frequently used for lingerie, dresses and scarves.


These are the different types of silk fabric with its unique characteristics. With so many
options to choose from, you are sure to find the perfect silk fabric for your next project.


 How many different types of silk are there?

There are two main categories for silk types. By origin, there are four main types, Mulberry,
Eri, Tussar, and Muga silks. However, if we focus on weave and finish, the variety explodes!
From the soft sheen of satin to the airy drape of chiffon, there are over 35 different silk
fabrics, each with its own distinct beauty and purpose.

What is the softest type of silk?

Mulberry silk is widely regarded as the softest variety of silk. It originates from the cocoons
of domesticated silkworms, which consume leaves from mulberries. The material feels
velvety and smooth against the skin. It is also known for its sheen nature that gives it a posh
feel.It creates elegant garments with a beautiful flow.

These characteristics set apart as the softest kind of silk that people can wear and rely on.

Which silk is best for a saree?

The best silk for a saree is chosen based on drape and personal preference. Mulberry silk is
soft and ideal for formal occasions, but should be handled with special care.
Kanchipuram silk, made from mulberry silk with its rich zari work and vibrant colors.
Banarasi silk sarees, handwoven and known for their complicated designs. Georgette
silk is lightweight and breathable, with a soft, matte finish that is perfect for warmer
weather. Organza silk, which is sheer and crisp, gives a voluminous look and is ideal
for sarees with heavy embroidery or embellishments.

How to care for silk fabric?

Silk flourishes with gentle care. Check the label first! Hand wash with cool water and gentle
detergent, or use a machine's delicate cycle and a mesh bag. Only let it air dry! Iron on low
heat using a press cloth. Silk should be stored in cool, dry places on padded hangers or
loosely folded. To keep your silk looking its best, treat stains professionally and avoid rough
fabrics and direct sunlight.

What is the highest quality silk?

Mulberry silk is considered the best. It has long, flawless strands and a luminous white color.
Muga silk from Assam, India wins the crown. It is rare, naturally golden and has a fine